Why consider a screening or assessment?
The purpose of assessment is to uncover a student’s areas of strength and weakness and determine how information is received and interpreted. Assessment can also provide a road map for guiding or informing the work of the educational therapist or specialist.
How can a case manager help?
As your case manager, we help you figure out what kind of screening or assessment is needed — and why. If you have already had an evaluation or other testing done for your child, we answer any questions and help you understand the results. We conduct screenings and can provide psychoeducational assessments. If needed, we can provide referrals for other evaluations, including neuropsychological evaluation, auditory or visual processing evaluation, or speech and language evaluation. Because approaches and written reports can vary, it is important to seek a referral to a reputable and experienced professional.
What does screening involve?
Screening involves gathering relevant information through observation, interviews, self-reporting, the use of screening tools (questionnaire or survey), and thorough review of school, family and medical history, and work samples. The information gathered through the intake or screening process can also be a valuable introduction to the formal process of assessment.
Screening provides an opportunity to take a look at:
- underachievement, but evidence of average or above-average ability in some areas
- signs of poor vision or hearing or difficulty understanding what the student sees or hears
- problems in the following areas: reading, expressive language (writing, spelling, handwriting) and or math
- behaviors that can interfere with the learning process, including distraction, impulsivity or avoidance
|Screening for academic difficulties includes:|
|Reading||Substitutes, deletes, adds or transposes letters and syllables||Expressive Language|
|Slow and halting reading patterns||Loses place easily||Problems with grammar, punctuation, syntax (order of words)|
|Reading words or syllables backwards||Avoids reading or has difficult, especially reading out loud||Weak visual memory for spelling patterns|
|Phonemc awareness: does not connect sounds to symbols to sound out words||Weak comprehension when answering questions related to text||Writing reveals poor organization, structure and/or content|
|Substitutes whole words, skips words, re-reads lines in oral reading||Poor handwriting or inconsistent letter formation; confuses upper and lower case|
|Difficulty with math includes:|
|Recalling math facts & procedures||Copying numbers and working with numbers in columns||Left / Right orientation|
|Directionality in carrying out simple math||Confuses similar numbers or transposes numbers||Following sequential procedures|
|Following directions with multiple steps|
What Are Psychoeducational & Neuropsychological Assessments?
Psychoeducational assessment consists of an assessment of the psychological
aspects of learning and academic skills. It considers what has been learned in different domains, including reading, spelling, oral and written expression and math. Strategies for Learning can provide psychoeducational assessment.
|Attention / Concentration||Eye-hand coordination for paper and pencil tasks|
|Memory||Verbal & Visual Learning|
|Planning Ability||Reflective / Impulsive Response Style|
|Screening for academic skills includes:|
|Spelling and writing||Reading (phonetic skills, sight vocabulary, comprehension)|
|Oral expressive skills||Mathematics (basic numerical operations, mathematical reasoning)|
|Listening comprehension||Academic fluency (speed of reading, writing, calculating)|
Neuropsychological assessment/testing is a process by which a person’s cognitive, psychological/emotional and behavioral functioning is comprehensively assessed with an emphasis on cognitive functioning. We strong recommend obtaining a referral from your child’s school or Strategies for Learning, as the quality of neuropsychological evaluations can vary. The testing process includes:
- detailed interviews and standardized testing of areas relevant to the presenting problem
- comparing scores to benchmarks or normative test data
- analyzing and interpreting test results
- the testing neuropsychologist may provide a diagnosis so that we can understand the underlying problem and how to address it
For more information:
- Neuroscience for Kids:
- Journal of Psychological Assessment: